There are four major types of vacuums in the market: the upright, the canister, the stick, and the handheld. While all of these have one purpose, they vary in structure, use, and sometimes maintenance.
Description: Upright vacuums have larger bags, which make them better/easier when vacuuming large areas. Additionally, most units have a wider cleaning path, but with these qualities, the weight can sometimes be an issue. These are used when cleaning large, carpeted areas, but some models could also be used when cleaning bare floors.
Example: Miele Dynamic U1 Twist 41HAE030USA
Maintenance: Most upright vacuums have a bag, brush tool, internal hose, and filter. To take care of the bag, do not wait for it to be filled 100%. To keep the unit working at its best, replace the bag when it is about 2/3 full. The dirt needs room in order to enter the bag, so if it’s already filled, then there won’t be any room thus it will no longer work as efficiently as it should in picking up dirt. Some models don’t have bags but receptacle or bin. In this case, clean these by using a damp cloth. If these are removable, you can use tap water and soap. Next, the brush tool is best to be checked after every use for big debris. When not removed, these could hinder the proper rotation therefore limiting the brush’s ability to collect dirt. Since almost all brush tools are attached to belts, you might want to check this, too. This keeps the brush tools on place. Simply check if its stretched out, ragged, or tapered. Also make sure that the belt hasn’t slid out of place or damaged in a particular area. Technically, your unit’s belt should be replaced every six months to one year, but this actually depends on the frequency of usage. The more often you use your vacuum, the more you should follow the rule. For the filter, if it is washable, then wash it using running water. But if it is not, then try knocking it to garbage bin a couple of times until the dirt comes. You can also consider using a stick but be careful not to break the filter! The internal hoses normally can’t be removed, so you would need to use a long stick and carefully poke for any debris that may block the dirt’s passage.
Description: Canister vacuums have a canister and a long wand. This long wand is the primary tool for cleaning while the canister holds the bag and the motor. These tend to be quieter, and their low profile makes cleaning stairs and getting under furniture easy. Canister vacuums could be used when cleaning carpets but are best on hard floor surfaces and areas under unmovable furniture.
Example: Dyson Cinetic
Maintenance: The main parts of a canister vacuum are the bag (or bin), filter, hose, and power brush. Cleaning the bag and filter follows the same steps as cleaning the upright vacuum. On the other hand, since the hose of the canister vacuum is on the outside, unlike the upright vacuum’s, and most units’ hose’s are removable, cleaning this could be done by using clean water and soap, which could be also applied when cleaning the power brush. However, some models’ hose’s are not removable. In this case, you can also use a long stick to clean it.
Description: The name “stick” comes from the appearance of the handle- a long stick! This type is light and often cordless and bagless. These can be used to clean bare floors and light carpeting areas but most buy this to clean for spots above the ground that are difficult to reach, such as high curtains or ceilings because its design lets you to not bend over when in use. However, its dirt cup is always known to be smaller.
Example: Bissell Lift Off 2 in 1 Cyclonic Cordless
Maintenance: Cleaning stick vacuums’ bags (or bins) and filter follows the same procedures, as explained above. What sets this apart is its (often) removable foot, which can be clean by using tap water and soap. You may also want to check the nozzle for any dirt that may block the passage.
Description: These are very handy (thus the term) and mostly cordless. These could be used when cleaning bare floors and carpets but often preferred when cleaning the inside of the car and other small areas. While most people would think that their being “handy” means being less powerful, this is not entirely true. Depending on the brand, some handheld vacuums are as powerful as the others.
Example: Dirt Devil QuickPower M0896RED Handheld Vacuum
Maintenance: Clean the bag (or bin) and filters using the same steps above. An integral part of this type is its nozzle, which you would want to clean after every use. Not doing so could affect the unit’s suction power. The outside vent should also be checked if it’s blocked because this affects the inner workings. To clean this, simply wipe it with damp cloth.
Other parts of the vacuums, such as the cord and handle, follow the usual ways of maintenance. For instance, cords must be untangled first before hitting the automatic cord-suction button, and the handle must be wiped with damp cloth. Just like any of your appliance at home, your vacuum needs maintenance and while it is used to clean spaces, it needs cleaning, too. So take note of these tips, and surely, your vacuum would be your cleaning partner for a long time.